Glossary of the most frequently used terms

  • Applicant: Any participating organisation or informal group of young people which submits a grant application. Applicants may apply either individually or on behalf of other organisations involved in the project. In the latter case, the applicant is also defined as coordinator.
  • Blended mobility: Combination of physical mobility and a virtual component, facilitating collaborative online learning exchange/teamwork.
  • Europass: The Europass online platform, an action of the European Skills Agenda, provides individuals and organisations with web-based tools and information on learning opportunities, qualifications frameworks and qualifications, guidance, skills intelligence, self-assessment tools and documentation of skills and qualifications, and connectivity with learning and employment opportunities. The Europass platform also offers tools and software to support digitallysigned credentials, as announced in the Digital Education Action Plan. The platform interconnects with national data sources for learning opportunities and national qualifications databases or registers.
  • Force majeure: An unforeseeable exceptional situation or event beyond the participant's control and not attributable to error or negligence on his/her part.
  • Green skills: Fundamental skills to the transition to a low-carbon economy, which can be general such as sustainable agriculture, soil protection, energy use and waste reduction, or more technical such as knowledge on renewable energy.
  • Sustainable means of transport: Sustainable means of transport (green travel) is defined as the travel that uses low-emissions means of transport for the main part of the travel, such as bus, train or car-pooling.
  • Learning mobility: Means moving physically to a country other than the country of residence, in order to undertake study, training or non-formal, or informal learning.
  • Mobility/Learning agreement: An agreement between the sending and receiving organisation and the participating individuals, defining the aims and content of the mobility period in order to ensure its relevance and quality. It can also be used as a basis for recognition of the period abroad by the receiving organisation.
  • National Agency - Tempus Public Foundation: A body in charge of managing the implementation of the Programme at national level in a Member State or in a third country associated to the Programme. One or more National Agencies may exist in each country.
  • Participant with fewer opportunities: People with fewer opportunities means people who, for economic, social, cultural, geographical or health reasons, a migrant background, or for reasons such as disability and educational difficulties or for any other reasons, including those that can give rise to discrimination under article 21 of the Charter of Fundamental rights of the European Union, face obstacles that prevent them from having effective access to opportunities under the programme.
  • Virtual learning: Acquisition of knowledge, skills and competences through the use of information and communication technology tools that allow participants to have a meaningful transnational or international learning experience.
  • Credit: A set of learning outcomes of an individual which have been assessed and which can be accumulated towards a qualification or transferred to other learning programmes or qualifications.
  • ECTS (European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System): A learner-centred system for credit accumulation and transfer, based on the transparency of learning, teaching and assessment processes. Its objective is to facilitate planning, delivery and evaluation of study programmes and learner mobility through the recognition of qualifications and periods of learning. A system that helps to design, describe and deliver study programmes and award higher education qualifications. The use of
    ECTS, in conjunction with outcomes-based qualifications frameworks, makes study programmes and qualifications more transparent and facilitates the recognition of qualifications.


For more information, please check the Erasmus+ Programme Guide!


Overview of opportunities under the Erasmus+ KA131 programme


Student - studying abroad (SMS)

Student - traineeship abroad (SMP)

Staff training mobility (STT)

Teacher mobility (STA)